In the last few years, we have heard a lot about the prevalence of dengue. Data released by the Epidemiological Surveillance Directorate (DIVE / SC) in May indicate that Santa Catarina already has more than 32,206 confirmed cases of the disease, of which 28,752 are cases incurred in the state.
DIVE also points out that 2022 already registers the highest number of dengue cases in SC. Therefore, it is necessary to double the care and attention around the accumulation of stagnant water. Infection doctor and technical director of HSJosé, Done. Raphael Elias Farias explains about the viral disease, its symptoms and why it is necessary to be extra careful about transmitting the disease.
what is dengue
Raphael Elias Farias (REF) – Dengue is a viral disease transmitted by an arbovirus, with four subtypes, 1,2,3,4. This disease manifests itself after the bite of a female Aedes aegypti mosquito, which has virus in this mosquito, when it bites a person, it begins to develop signs and symptoms.
Criciúma and the region are the focus of this mosquito, as well as the western and northern regions; who already have cases of autocratic transmission, which are mosquitoes with the virus transmitted to humans and in our region, cases imported from people who come to our region with dengue.
Like the virus present, mosquitoes are the vector for this transmission, and humans in our region are susceptible; who have never had dengue, end up making the region a favorable environment for this transferability.
So in this context, we have a disease that is on the way and we need to be careful so that it does not develop, does not spread; so we have this action controlled and we are not going to live a pandemic again.
symptoms of dengue
(REF) – In general, the patient with dengue will begin to develop a flu-like condition with signs and symptoms such as fever, headache, back pain, joint pain, body aches and may develop into a severe picture of bleeding that decompensates other organs in the body, in some cases need for hospitalization and even hospitalization in an intensive care unit.
Dengue, in the vast majority of cases, the patient develops for improvement alone.
How to act when dengue is suspected
(REF) – The importance of people with suspected dengue seeking out a health unit is to make the diagnosis and follow up.
This is important because the disease may seem very limited at first, but over the course of the days it may have signs of complications.
So this monitoring of the patient is important, especially at the healthcare site that follows this patient.
And at the first sign that we are calling an alarm, this person should be taken to the hospital and given a little more intense medication so that these signs and symptoms improve.
(REF) – We are in a moment of alarm yes. A greater risk.
We have never had so many mosquito bites in our region.
Here is the warning. What should we do to stop all this? Remove the standing water in our region. Something we have heard for several years, but until then, dengue fever had never arrived in our region in this way. But now it’s time to step up the effort, so we remove any possibility of mosquito transmission, because if there are no mosquitoes, there is no infection, unlike coronavirus, which we had an infection in conversation, for example, through drops, now have we mosquito transmission from one infected person to another.
We need to take this care in our house, in our region, and also remind others of this care so that by reducing the focus of the mosquito we can reduce the transmissibility of the disease.
Collaboration: Press Office – Katia Farias