In one month, monkey pox is detected in more than 30 countries, in the largest outbreak ever seen outside Africa – News

Exactly one month ago became United Kingdom registered the first imported case of abekopper (monkeypox) from 2022. It was a traveler who had returned from Nigeria where the disease is endemic. What used to be normal in some countries – sporadic travel-related cases – assumed a share never seen before, becoming the largest outbreak of the disease outside the African continent, already reaching more than 30 countries.

One week after the first case in England, two people from the same family, unrelated to the first patient, were also tested positive for monkey pox in London.

“The current outbreak is the first time that the virus has been transmitted from person to person in the UK, where travel links to an endemic country have not been identified,” the UKHSA (UK Health Safety Agency) said in a statement.

From then on, patients with classic symptoms of monkey pox (acute fever, swollen lymph nodes and skin lesions) began to appear in hospitals in Portugal (May 17), Spain (May 18) and other European countries.

However, the disease was not limited to the European continent. Almost simultaneously, cases were confirmed in United Statesby Canada and on Australia.

The number of positive diagnoses has increased exponentially and has tripled within the last ten days.

This Monday (6) showed a real-time monitoring conducted by researchers from the Global.health initiative – which includes recognized universities such as Harvard and Oxford – 1,011 confirmed cases of monkey pox in 31 countries.

Yet more than half are concentrated in England, Spain and Portugal.

In addition to the above countries, cases have also been confirmed:

• Germany
• Argentina
• Austria
• Belgium
• Denmark
• United Arab Emirates
• Scotland
• Slovenia
• Finland
• France
• Hungary
• Ireland
• Northern Ireland
• Israel
• Italy
• Latvia
Malta
• Morocco
• Mexico
• Norway
• Wales
• Netherlands
• Czech Republic
• Sweden
• Switzerland

What interests researchers most is that as a disease that is considered to have significantly limited transmission between people (usually limited to people of the same family), it occurs in humans with no apparent connection and in different parts of the world.

“Monkey pox is not a new disease, it has been described for at least 40 years and has been well studied in the African region. We have seen very few cases in Europe in the last five years, only in travelers, but this is the first time , we see cases in several countries at the same time in people who have not traveled to endemic regions of Africa “, recently drew the attention of the smallpox secretary of the Health Emergencies Program in WHO (World Health Organization)Rosamund Lewis.

A member of the WHO committee coordinated by Rosamund, the Brazilian virologist Clarissa Damaso, from the Carlos Chagas Filho Institute of Biophysics at the UFRJ (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro), suggests that monkeypox viruses may have found environments that facilitated transmission in certain groups of people.

“This time there was some extreme contact factor, a time when an infected person was in the wrong place at the wrong time. It was a place with a lot of people, a lot of skin contact. [uma das formas de transmissão da doença]”, says the researcher who has studied the smallpox virus for 35 years.

Monkey pox is a zoonosis, that is, it primarily affects animals, but the virus manages to jump to humans with a certain frequency and, as can be seen, maintain a certain degree of transmission between humans.

“Unfortunately, this ability to amplify this disease and move it within our society is increasing – so both the incidence of the disease and the disease-enhancing factors have increased.”

On Wednesday, WHO emergency director Mike Ryan warned that outbreaks of diseases such as monkey pox and Lassa fever would become more persistent and frequent.

“Unfortunately, this ability to amplify this disease and move it within our society is increasing – so both the onset of the disease and the factors that amplify the disease have increased.”

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