In recent days, a new viral disease has been on our news portals, which has raised several questions. The doctor. Fabiano de Abreu Agrela, Ph.D. in neuroscience, but also biologist, helps clear up some doubts
Monkey pox or in Portuguese, Monkey poop has appeared in several countries around the world in recent days, which has caused concern around the planet.. The doctor. Fabiano de Abreu Agrela, PhD in neuroscience, spoke about the situation.
“Monkey pox, a viral infection similar to smallpox, was first recognized by primates in captivity in 1958 and first identified in humans in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo.. Infections that occurred in the past were likely to be diagnosed as smallpox due to similar clinical findings. It was only when smallpox was eradicated from this area and surveillance for smallpox-like infections was initiated that this virus was identified. Unlike smallpox, whose only host is humans, monkey smallpox is a zoonosis, although human-to-human transmission can occur. “
Since this transfer from person to person is possible, it is important to know how it occurs. Abreu clarifies that “transmission is likely to occur as a result of close skin-to-skin contact that occurs during sex.rather than being a genuine sexually transmitted infection. This is similar to the sexually transmitted nature of some diarrheal pathogens, which is usually transmitted through the feces of gay men. ” However, sexual intercourse is not the only way to infect. The researcher also warns that “monkey cups are transmitted between humans in close contact through body fluids.respiratory drops, damage or even contaminated materials, such as bedding or towels or other personal items, ”he adds.
How is the transmission?
Abreu also emphasizes that “we must be aware that there is no evidence that it is a sexually transmitted virus, such as HIV.. It is more by close contact during sexual or intimate activity, including prolonged skin-to-skin contact. may be the key factor during transmission. We see similar with other infections, for example scabies. The most likely mode of spread is through close contact: touching skin or bedding or common utensils. There is no need to postulate sexual transmission through genitals or oral secretions. “
With regard to mortality, the scientist describes that it depends on the variant in question. “There are two strains of this disease. The Congo strain is more severe (up to 10% mortality) and probably more transmissible in humans. The West African strain, the source of these latter cases, where mortality is estimated at around 1%.”
In conclusion, Abreu adds that “There is no effective treatment and most cases will recover on their own within a period of a few weeks, but it seems that the smallpox vaccine is also effective against monkey smallpox.. ”.