São Paulo on Tuesday night (14) confirmed a third case of monkey pox in the state.
In Brazil, according to the Ministry of Health, there is still one confirmed case in Rio Grande do Sul and another in Rio de Janeiro, a total of five cases in the country.
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The third case in the state SP is a 31-year-old man who lives in the capital of São Paulo, who is admitted to the Instituto de Infectologia Emílio Ribas in good clinical condition.
Like the other two in the state, the pollution is considered imported as the patients have a history of traveling to European countries.
The municipality’s epidemiological surveillance in collaboration with the state follows the case and their respective contacts.
In the last week, São Paulo had already confirmed two other imported cases.
The other patient is a 29-year-old man who traveled to Europe and is isolated in his home in Vinhedo, in the interior of São Paulo.
The first case of the disease in the country was confirmed on June 9 by the Adolfo Lutz Institute.
The patient, a 41-year-old man who traveled to Spain, the second country with the highest number of cases of the disease, was placed in isolation at the Instituto de Infectologia Emílio Ribas in the western zone of the capital. He is in good clinical condition.
In a report to TV Globo, the patient said he was feeling well. “I have already counted 60 wounds, but I am fine. There is no need to panic. I can not wait to get out of here to get back to work. In fact, I myself have worked here at the hospital. ”
All persons who have had contact with the patient are monitored.
“I’m not worried about being seen as the first Brazilian with monkey cups. I want to show people that I’m fine that I was and will be taken care of by excellent doctors. May a moment of pain serve for Brazilian science to “Develop protection for all. The best protection is true information. I am in favor of science and I agree to participate in research,” he said.
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On Sunday (5), the World Health Organization (WHO) reported having confirmed 780 cases of monkey pox worldwide.
The data correspond to the interval between 13 May and 2 June and only take into account patients identified in places where the disease is not endemic. According to the unit, there were no reported deaths.
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The WHO said monkey pox poses a “moderate risk” to global public health after cases were reported in countries where the disease is not endemic.
“The public health risk could be high if this virus establishes itself as a human pathogen and spreads to groups that are more likely to be at risk of serious illness, such as young children and immunosuppressed people,” the WHO said.
The organization says there is no recommendation to use a smallpox vaccine for monkey pox.
Microscope image shows monkeypox virus – Photo: Cynthia S. Goldsmith, Russell Regner / CDC via AP
The first symptoms of monkey pox are usually fever, headache, muscle aches, back pain, swollen glands (lymph nodes), chills and fatigue.
“After the incubation period [tempo entre a infecção e o início dos sintomas]the individual begins with a non-specific manifestation, with symptoms we see in other viruses: fever, malaise, fatigue, loss of appetite, exhaustion “, explains Giliane Trindade, virologist and researcher at the Department of Microbiology at the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG).
Within 1 to 3 days (sometimes longer), after the fever appears, the patient develops a rash, which usually starts on the face and spreads to other parts of the body.
“What is an indicative difference: the development of lesions – lesions in the oral cavity and on the skin. They begin to manifest first in the face and spread to the trunk, chest, palms, soles of the feet.“, adds Trindade, who is a consultant to the group set up by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Development to monitor cases of smallpox in monkeys.