SpaceX made its first trip to the International Space Station 10 years ago.The aerospace industry has never been the same – Multimedia

On May 25, 2012, the International Space Station received one of its deliverables most memorable in history.Weighs 525kg including food, water, clothes and computer equipment, but it doesn’t really matter at all.

what really matters is The Dragon C2+ capsule was delivered and successfully returned a few days later on May 31st. Thus began a new era of space exploration.

In fact, it all goes back 10 years, in In May 2002, Elon Musk will officially create SpaceXshort for “space exploration”, already has the idea of ​​producing solutions for the space industry at a lower price, a “low cost” and of course with an eye toward Mars.

At a time when it cost $30 million to send a 250-kilogram payload into space, Elon Musk claims that SpaceX’s first rocket, Falcon 1 weighs 635kg and costs only $6.9 million. The proposed value shows a 2.5x increase in load at a cost of just over 20% of the initial value.

As usual, the SpaceX mentor said that the first engine will be ready in May 2003, the second engine will be ready in June, the rocket body will be ready in July, and the final assembly will be completed in August .The launch pad will then be ready in September and the first launch will take place in November, i.e. Just over a year after the company was establishedAt the time, plans for a trip to Mars at the end of the decade were also quickly finalized. We now know that the plan has failed. lightly…

Prediction of the first launch of the rocket low cost By early 2004, but this effectively only happened in 2006. With its height of 21 meters, Falcon 1 – named after the Millennium Falcon spacecraft in the Star Wars saga – can only be launched on March 24, 2006nearly four years after SpaceX was founded.

The launch was successful, but only for the first 25 seconds: said to be due to improper installation of parts by one of the engineerseventually fall and explode. Over the next few years, more failed attempts, Success won’t be until September 2008, when Falcon 1 completes a perfect flightThe fourth liftoff of the rocket, now carrying 163 kilograms of “air”: it is necessary to use a fictitious payload, because given the history of the launch results, neither the military, any company or government has accepted to place anything of value.

This is how the Falcon 1 – which has only ever flown commercially once in its life – became the first privately built machine to accomplish this feat, After six years of trying, four and a half years longer than Elon Musk originally predicted.

Next step: Reuse, go to the International Space Station, then to Mars

Despite being busy with Falcon 1, SpaceX’s engineering team has it on paper The “famous” Falcon 9, a larger-capacity, reusable rocket that will further reduce exploration costs.Meanwhile, SpaceX is also developing Dragon cargo ship. All this is guaranteed (largely) by the contract it won with NASA.

The first Falcon 9 had its first test in July 2010, and unlike the Falcon 1, it succeeded on the first try, completing a flawless flight. Dragon launched with Falcon 9, First private spacecraft to reach Earth orbit and return safely, landed in the Pacific Ocean.A good indication of what to expect in May 2012, when cargo ships delivered supplies to the International Space Station for the first time, marking the entire A new era of space exploration.

Elon Musk said at the time that the cargo ship’s arrival at the International Space Station marked a “big day for the country and the world,” adding in his typically grandiose fashion that the mission put humanity on the path to becoming multi-planetary species.

After that moment, SpaceX has increasingly focused on its launches and landings on land and at sea. reusable rocket.

This First landing and recovery The first phase of success occurred in December 2015.

It wasn’t until April 2016 that the company successfully landed on the Atlantic’s Of Course I Still Love You platform for the first time after several failed attempts.

In September of the same year, Elon Musk’s company signed another contract with NASA, this time providing Transport astronauts to the International Space Stationwhich again means the debut of a private company.

But there are other firsts on SpaceX’s path, such as Take your maiden flight with an international crew in a private NASA-certified spacecraft and rocket, in September 2020 – nine years from North American land – or official assignment, two months later. So what about taking part in the first fully private mission to the International Space Station?

Click on the image to see more task details

We haven’t settled on Mars yet, we’ve become one multi-planetary species, as Elon Musk aspires, but in two decades of SpaceX and other private companies that have made space their “last frontier,” we’ve certainly come close. Citygroup estimated in a recent report, space economy can be anything $1 billion by 2040compared to the 370 billion registered in 2020, the expected growth potential is mainly attributable to two factors: Entry of private companies previously by government agencies and Dramatically reduce costs.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.