The Ministry of Health (MS) monitors and analyzes seven suspected monkey diseases (Monkeypox), registered in recent days in Brazil. The states of Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul, São Paulo, Ceará, Mato Grosso do Sul with one case each, in addition to Rondônia with two, isolated patients while awaiting the results of the tests.
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Professor of Biological Sciences and the Zoological Museum at Unesc and biologist from the regional health department of Criciúma, Tiago Moreti, comment that monkey pox is a disease caused by the Monkeypox virus and got its name from the first detection in monkey colonies, despite of that they are mainly found in rodents.
According to Thiago, the problem is that this time, since May, there have been many confirmed cases in countries considered not to be endemic to the virus, or in people who did not have a direct relationship with travel to these endemic regions.
Germany, Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, United Arab Emirates, Scotland, Slovenia, Finland, France, Hungary, Ireland, Northern Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Malta, Morocco, Mexico, Norway, Wales, Netherlands, Czech Republic, Sweden and Switzerland are territories with confirmed cases.
In Brazil, the Ministry of Health issued a statement on the current national situation last Sunday the 5th through its situation room to monitor cases of monkey pox in the country. The aim is to create an action plan for case mapping, laboratory tests and clinical data for the disease. Only in São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais are they able to carry out the study, but according to the Minister of Health, Marcelo Queiroga, the arrival of imported test kits will facilitate diagnoses. Next Thursday (06/09) an action will be launched by MS, and on Friday (06/10) all state and federal districts central public health laboratories (Lacen) will already receive the first shipment of kits.
As a virus that is primarily detected in animals, monkey pox is transmitted mainly through direct or indirect contact with blood, body fluids, skin lesions or mucous membranes of infected animals. But what happens now is human-to-human transmission, which mainly happens through personal contact via respiratory droplets (coughing or sneezing from an infected person), contact with skin lesions from infected people or newly contaminated items such as clothes, bedding or towels .
To reassure the population, apepox or monkey smallpox are generally milder than human smallpox, eradicated from the world in the 70s and 80s through vaccination. “It is still a long way to go to compare monkey pox with something similar to Covid-19, firstly because monkey pox is already a well-known disease, as there have been previous outbreaks, such as in the United States in 2003, and for which we already have a vaccine. with efficacy above 80% to prevent new cases of the disease. Since we have not even come out of a pandemic yet, and now a virus with the “name” smallpox, which in the case of smallpox was one of the largest pandemics in history and with a large number of deaths, this worries people “, analyzes the teacher.
prevention and information
According to Thiago, it is important not to go around alerting people or spreading fake news. “Spreading the word that someone you know has monkey pox because they have the same symptoms of the disease is not the right thing to do. Also because symptoms like fever, headaches and skin rashes are common in various diseases like herpes simplex, bacterial skin infections, chickenpox / herpes zoster, measles, etc. So the disease is confirmed only through laboratory tests, and it is worth noting that the mortality rate is very low, ”he emphasized.
In terms of prevention, we need to continue with the habits we are already used to, such as: cleaning our hands regularly with soap and water and then using 70% alcohol. Healthcare professionals in the care of suspected cases should perform standard, contact, and drop precautions, which include the use of eye protection, surgical mask, dress, and disposable gloves. “The only thing that will be added is that objects used by the suspect must be washed with warm water and detergent (towels, sheets, kitchen utensils) and the patient must remain in isolation until the crusts of the lesions disappear,” it concluded. doctor. teacher.
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