Vaccination coverage is falling and reaching one of the lowest levels in recent decades in Paraná

Paraná is struggling not to record, for the fourth year in a row, a decline in vaccine coverage of the basic immunization calendar. According to data extracted from the National Immunization Plan Information System (SI-PNI), by 2021 only 81% of the children to be assisted were vaccinated. In 2022, this percentage was 31.5% until yesterday, and the target for vaccination coverage varies between 90% and 95% of the population.

The decline in vaccination coverage in Paraná follows a national trend and began in 2016. Since then, there has been a slight recovery in 2018, but by 2020 the state already registered levels similar to the 2000s. To make matters worse, there was a further reduction in 2021 from 7.6%, bringing coverage to the lowest level in the state since 1995.

With an increasing number of people from Paraná not being immunized, there is a risk of creating a generation of people susceptible to infectious diseases, some of which were eliminated or in very low circulation throughout the country.

Each disease has a specified vaccination coverage according to the transmission capacity. For meningitis and HPV, for example, this percentage is 80%. For rotavirus, influenza and tuberculosis it is 90%. And for the other vaccines 95 per cent. However, data from SI-PNI show that Paraná did not reach the target in any of the cases last year, with vaccination coverage for diseases ranging from 84.7% (triple virus, which protects against measles, rubella and mumps) and 79.3 % (BCG, which protects against severe forms of tuberculosis).

This year, the problem continues. An example of this is that the Ministry of Health had to extend the vaccination campaign against influenza and measles recently. The campaign would in principle run until 3 June with a goal of vaccinating between 90 and 95% of the target group. However, only 47% were vaccinated against influenza and 35.3% against measles. Now the state is getting a few more weeks to get closer to the goal, with the campaign extended to June 24th.

In addition, the ten routine vaccines (BCG, Yellow Fever, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Meningococcus, Pentavalent, Pneumococcus, Poliomyelitis, Human Rotavirus and Triple Viral) also have coverage below the required, with values ​​ranging between 34, 7% this year ( triple viral) and 29.2% (hepatitis A). Among the 27 federation units, Paraná has the 10th lowest vaccination coverage this year, with 31.53%, after only states in the North (Acre, Roraima, Pará and Amapá), Northeast (Maranhão, Paraíba and Bahia) and southeast. (Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo).

D-Day of Vaccination seeks to expand coverage among the people of Paraná

Paraná is promoting next Saturday, June 11, D-Day of Vaccination, an initiative aimed at updating the population map in general, either in routine strategies or in the Ministry of Health’s current campaigns. The action was proposed precisely because of the low coverage of immunizers listed in the primary vaccination plan, which aims to extend vaccine protection in the 399 municipalities of Paraná, in people of all ages and priority groups.

“We need the people who do not have their vaccines updated to look for a vaccination record in their municipality and update their maps. Vaccines are our most important tool in the fight against diseases, and if we do not prevent ourselves, we can contribute to a greater spread of these viruses and infections, ”said César Neves, Foreign Minister for Health.

According to Sesa-PR, people from Paraná have low vaccination coverage against flu and measles. In addition, 1.3 million people have not taken the second dose (D2) of the Covid-19 vaccine, and 4.3 million are considered to be “missing” the booster dose (DR). To make matters worse, the coverage of the ten routine vaccines is also below the required coverage.

Curitiba starts tomorrow applying the 4th dose of anti-covid in people aged 50 and over

This Wednesday (8), Curitiba will begin the application of the 4th dose of the covid-19 vaccine to people aged 50 and over. The first to receive it will be those born in 1962 and 1963, vaccinated with the 3rd dose until 8/2/2022. The call for the 4th dose will be made by the municipal health department (SMS) in a staggered manner, according to age group, starting from the oldest. minimum four months from 1st booster (or 3rd dose, for those taking an initial dose) vaccination plan with Coronavac, AstraZeneca or Pfizer; for those who received Janssen, the 1st booster corresponds to the 2nd dose).

The vaccine to be used for booster dose must be from the mRNA platform (Pfizer) or viral vector (Janssen or AstraZeneca). The extension to this new group (50 to 59 years) was included in the Ministry of Health’s National Operationalization Plan (PNO) for vaccination against Covid-19, a guideline that Curitiba follows for immunization against coronavirus.

This new dose provides extra protection against coronavirus, prevents exacerbation of contamination, reduces the number of hospitalizations and deaths and also minimizes the reflection of sequelae.

“Curitiba supported the request from the State Government to the Ministry of Health to expand the population receiving the 4th dose and therefore we will start this phase of protection of curitiba”, highlights the municipal health secretary, Beatriz Battistella.


Vaccination day

This Thursday, June 9, Brazil celebrates Immunization Day, the main purpose of which is to raise awareness of the importance of vaccines, both for the individual and for collective health. According to the Ministry of Health, keeping vaccinations up to date, even in adulthood, is one of the best ways to avoid diseases and infections. When they enter the body, vaccines that have dead or weakened molecules cause the immune system to react and produce the antibodies needed to defend themselves against the agents, making the body immune to them and the diseases they cause.


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