Analyzes carried out by Fundao Ezequiel Dias (Funed) ruled out a suspected case of monkey pox, known as monkey pox, in Ouro Preto in the central region of Minas Gerais. The Foreign Minister for Health (SES-MG) had announced that the case was under investigation on Wednesday evening (15).
Ouro Preto joins Belo Horizonte, Uberlndia and Ituiutaba with cases discarded after laboratory analysis. So far, there are no confirmations in Minas.
None of the persons surveyed in the state had a recent history of foreign travel. The patient from Ouro Preto was in So Paulo before showing symptoms.
Following the occurrence of skin rashes that covered most of the body, with the formation of blisters and fever, the man, who was a student, was treated at Hospital Santa Casa da Misericrdia in Ouro Preto and later transferred to Hospital Referencia Eduardo Menezes, in Belo Horizonte . , Tuesday (14/6).
ISLAND The condition of the mines spoke with the Minister of Health of Ouro Preto, Leandro Moreira, who ruled out smallpox of monkeys in the municipality.
“The official result of the test sent to Funed for a possible case of ‘monkey pox’ here in Ouro Preto came out late. It was negative. The patient remains stable and under treatment at Eduardo Menezes Hospital. The case until its discharge”.
According to the Butantan Institute, monkeypox is a “wild zoonosis” – a virus that infects monkeys and can otherwise infect humans.
The infection usually occurs in forest areas in Central and West Africa. The disease is caused by the monkeypox virus, which belongs to the orthopox virus family.
There are two types of viruses: West Africa and the Congo Basin (Central Africa).
Although smallpox in West Africa is sometimes severe for some individuals, the disease is usually self-limiting (no treatment required).
The mortality rate for the West African virus is 1% for the unimmunized, while that for the Congo Basin virus can reach 10%.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), children are also at greater risk, and smallpox during pregnancy can lead to complications, smallpox or death in the baby.
The WHO is currently working with experts to adopt a new name for monkey poop, as the term “monkey pox” is considered discriminatory and stigmatizing.
The first symptoms of ‘monkey cups’ are:
- muscle pain
- back pain
- swollen nodes (lymph nodes)
Skin lesions resemble chickenpox or syphilis. There is still the formation of crusts, which over time end up falling off.
According to Butantan, the source of the infection in the reported cases has not yet been confirmed by the WHO.
In general, monkey cups can be transmitted by contact with droplets exhaled by an infected person (human or animal) or through skin lesions, in addition to materials such as clothing and sheets.
The incubation period is generally six to 13 days, but can vary from five to 21 days. Therefore, infected people should be isolated and under observation for three weeks.
When it comes to treatments, Butantan reports that vaccination against common smallpox has been shown to be protective against monkey smallpox.
Although a vaccine (MVA-BN) and a specific treatment (tecovirimate) were approved in 2019 and 2022, countermeasures are not yet widely available.
Worldwide, people under the age of 40 or 50 no longer take the vaccine as campaigns have been discontinued.
In the UK, smallpox vaccination is offered to people at higher risk and with comorbidities.